Why do Employers use IQ tests to evaluate future candidates?

In the 1900s, Intelligence Quotient (IQ) was established as a standard metric for a person’s reasoning ability- what they can make out of information, their logic in answering questions, or ability to make decisions. It was initially used to purposefully identify students who needed more help in the classroom depending on how fast they could learn. Later on, it was used in World War I to pick the best people for the battlefield. IQ tests basically assess one’s level of intelligence. The good news is that you can practice improving the score. There are many free IQ tests with instant results online, and you can practice IQ tests to improve your chances to succeed in an aptitude test. 

How was IQ Test introduced to the job market?

The job market is very competitive for new candidates, and employers have had to develop ways to sift through tens and, at times, hundreds of applicants. Different companies devise varying criteria to find the best, and IQ tests are particularly no longer new. On several occasions, the intelligence quotient has been replaced with alternative words such as brainpower, mental capacity, logic, reasoning, or judgment. Obviously, these vary from person to person; therefore, it is not unusual to be subjected to a couple of tests in an interview. A quick IQ test helps the employer gauge an employee’s potential performance on a given job, and in case you are wondering, IQ tests are legal and acceptable by most employers.

IQ Test assesses the potential candidates

Despite its importance, IQ is a pretty independent variable and is certainly inconstant. This means that it is not unusual for your score to change on every IQ test you take. This is because the topics covered on one test may focus on areas that another test will not touch on. With that said, an IQ test evaluates an individual’s proficiency in a specific area. In the employment scene, an employer designs an IQ test depending on the position in question to better predict the person’s ability to best fit a role. However, consider that IQ is relative to age as cognitive abilities also vary for people of different age groups. For instance, a child has a high IQ if his reasoning or IQ level surpasses that of his age mates.

How is the IQ test score calculated?

IQ is numerically measured depending on two age aspects- mental age, which grades performance based on population standards and norms, and chronological age, which is a person’s actual age. So what are the numerical scores of IQ? Typically, an IQ score ranges between 85 and 115 points. Notice the 15 point-standard deviations? Although 100 is considered the average score, it is not conclusive enough to declare one below or above average. An interpretation of the IQ scale implies that a 100 score simply means that your mental age and chronological age are at equilibrium; above 100 means you are pretty advanced mentally, while below 100 means there is a bit of a mental development delay.

Can IQ tests always predict success?

Most may assume that a person with a high IQ level is most likely to succeed. However, this is not always the case, as several people with average and below-average scores have still managed to make it big. There are many important and crucial aspects you need to consider when it comes to success; consequently, some employers undertake cognitive aptitude tests instead to predict an employee’s success. Finally, note that it is possible to boost your IQ by reading books, taking practice tests, and playing games often. 

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