Mutual funds are a well-diversified, low-cost, and tax-advantaged approach to grow your money. They are an excellent investment instrument for those who do not have the knowledge or experience to invest in stocks directly. Simply put, you invest in a fund, and the fund manager will select stocks that he believes will provide decent returns.
How do Mutual Funds Work?
An asset management firm (AMC) creates a mutual fund by pooling contributions from diverse individuals and institutional investors that have similar investment goals. This pooled investment is managed by a fund manager who carefully invests in assets to maximize returns for investors while staying true to the fund’s investment objectives.
These fund managers are professionals with a proven track record of managing investments and a thorough understanding of markets. The fund houses charge an expense ratio which is an annual fee to operate the mutual fund.
Why Should You Consider Mutual Funds Investing?
Mutual funds investing is a simple and paperless procedure. Investors can keep an eye on the market and make investments based on their needs. Furthermore, portfolio rebalancing and rotating across mutual fund schemes help to keep returns in line with expectations.
Initial Investment is Low
By investing as little as ₹500 per month in mutual fund schemes of your choice through SIP, you can construct a diverse mutual fund portfolio. You can also invest in a lump sum or through a systematic investing plan (SIP). When compared to lump-sum investments, however, a SIP can reduce the overall cost of investment while maximizing the potential of compounding.
Tax deductions of up to ₹1.5 lakh each financial year are permitted for specific financial instruments under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act, and tax-saving mutual funds are one of them. The Equity Linked Savings Scheme (ELSS) has become a popular tax-saving option for Indians in recent years because to its higher yields and the shortest lock-in period of three years among other Section 80C options.
Professional Fund Management
Your mutual fund investments are handled by a professional fund manager with the assistance of a research team. The asset allocation investment plan is created by the fund manager. According to the fund’s investing objectives, the research team selects appropriate securities.
Factors to Take into Consideration before Investing in Mutual Fund
If it is your first attempt at mutual fund investing, there are some points that you must take into consideration:
Fix an Investment Goal
Your financial goals, budget, and time horizon all play a part in your investment decisions. This can assist you in determining how much you can set away for investing, as well as how you should invest based on your risk profile. If you want to get market beating returns in the long-term, your best bet would be to invest in the best mid-cap mutual funds.
Select a Suitable Fund Type
To choose the right category, you must do more than read about different mutual fund types. For first-time investors, experts often recommend a balanced or debt fund because it has low risk and provides consistent returns. For long term returns, you can choose to invest in the best mid-cap mutual funds.
Select a Type of Mutual Fund
You must analyze and compare different mutual funds plans in each category to get the best investment. Credentials of the fund manager, expense ratio, portfolio components, and assets under management are all important considerations for investors.
Diversify your Investment Portfolio
To diversify your portfolio and obtain risk-adjusted returns, consider investing in different mutual funds. Diversify across asset classes and investment types with a fund portfolio. It will also balance risks – if one mutual fund underperforms, the other funds will compensate for the loss, keeping your portfolio’s value intact.
Create a Net Banking Account
For mutual funds investing, you must have internet banking enabled on your bank account. Mutual funds also accept debit cards and checks as forms of payment, but investing through net banking is a more clear, quick, and secure process.
Consult a Financial Advisor
Investing in a mutual fund can be a time-consuming and confusing procedure. With thousands of mutual funds to select from, it is important to keep track of their performance. If you are having trouble selecting the correct mutual funds, hire a mutual fund expert or distributor.
While it is always a good idea to start on your own and learn through trial and error, it is in the best interest of the investor to go through advisors and learn the basics of mutual funds investing. Learning about mutual funds is not difficult – if you have the time and willingness, you can learn enough to manage your assets. Allow an expert to manage your money until you have learned enough.