A migraine is a type of continuous intense headache that usually comes with sickness, vomiting, and high sensitivity toward the light. It can remain for hours and, at times, for a few days. This is a neurological disease that can leave you in bed for many days. The triggers like different movements, light rays, and loud sounds may cause severe symptoms like pain, nausea, tiredness, numbness, irritation, and temporary loss of sight.
Over 150 types of headaches are divided into two categories, namely primary and secondary headaches. A migraine is a primary headache that means a different medical condition does not cause it. These disorders are mainly clinical diagnoses, and there is no requirement for a blood test to analyze them. In comparison, a secondary headache is caused by some other health issue.
What is meant by an Aura?
An aura is basically a bunch of motor, sensory, and speech symptoms that work as warning signals that a severe migraine headache is about to start. It is commonly mistaken as a stroke, and it generally happens before the headache. The duration of a typical aura last from 10min to 1 hour. According to research, almost 20 percent of people who have migraines also experience auras.
However, the symptoms of the aura are reversible, which means it can be healed effectively. An aura has symptoms, including
- Blind spots in your vision.
- Numb skin.
- Changes in speech.
- Sounds in your ears.
- Frequent loss of vision.
- Differences in smell and taste.
Phases of Migraines
There are four stages in order for the phases of migraines.
These phases are mentioned below
This is the first stage that lasts a few hours. It cannot happen every time, so you may not experience it. It is also known as the pre headache phase.
According to Marham, this phase can last for as long as 1 hour. Typically, many people do not experience it, and some may have both aura and headache simultaneously.
The headache lasts from four hours to three days. It is severe pain and usually starts on one side of your head and then extends to the other sides.
The postdrome lasts for a day or two. Almost 80 percent of those who have migraines experience it.
It can typically take around three days to go through the whole four stages.
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Symptoms of Migraine
The immediate symptom of a migraine is a sense of feeling constant headache. Pain in the head can start as an ache that develops into pulsing mild, medium, and severe pain with time. When you leave it on its own, the headache will go from medium to severe. In this way, the pain will shift from one side of your head to the other, and in many cases, it will affect the front and back of your head. People sometimes feel pain around their eyes, face, jaw, and neck.
Other Symptoms of Migraine
There are many other symptoms of migraine, including
- High sensitiveness to light and noise.
- Nausea, upset stomach, and severe pain in the abdomen.
- Less appetite.
- The sudden feeling of warmness and coldness.
- The pale color of the skin.
- Feeling exhausted.
- Feeling of dizziness.
- Blurred vision.
- Diarrhea and fever.
Most migraines last long for a few hours, but in some situations, they can last much longer.
Treatment for Migraine
Migraine is not curable, but your doctor can manage the migraine attacks. The symptoms can be treated when they occur, leading to fewer attacks in the future. Regular treatments also help in making the attack of migraines less severe. Migraine is a neurological condition that can drive multiple symptoms.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
You can go to a specialist who can teach you about actions and thoughts that affect how you feel pain. Different body actions can help prevent headaches.
According to research, some vitamins, herbs, and minerals can prevent and treat the condition of migraines. These include melatonin, riboflavin, and butterbur. However, the butterbur may help in preventing migraines, but it can also impact your liver enzymes in the long run.
Physical treatments like chiropractic, massage, yoga, and various therapies help lessen the symptoms of headaches.
Many home remedies can be done to ease migraine symptoms, including
- Keeping your eyes closed in a dark and silent room
- Putting an ice pack on your forehead
- Drinking plenty of liquids and water
Prevention from Migraines
There is no permanent cure for migraine pain, but you can take preventive measures to manage them effectively.
- You may keep a log with you in digital form and write down all the foods and drinks that initiate a migraine. It will help you in making changes in your regular diet accordingly.
- Take a regular sleep of at least six to eight hours.
- Do not skip the meals and eat at regular intervals.
- Drink an abundance of water.
- Exercise on a regular basis and keep a healthy body weight.
- Practice the techniques to control stress, for instance, yoga, meditation, and deep breathing.
- You may also take medicines as prescribed by your healthcare expert.
- Get counseling from your therapist to help control your anxiety.
It is always best to get a consultation from professionals. Book your appointment with the best Neurologist in Karachi through Marham for more information.