The variety of civilization in Egypt (Pharaonic, Christian, Coptic, Roman) became the best tourist destination because there is always a favorite destination for every interest.
The great Civilization of Egypt begins more than 4000 years ago that is why Egypt is known as “the Cradle of Civilization”. The variety of civilization in Egypt (Pharaonic, Christian, Coptic, Roman) became the best tourist destination because there is always a favorite destination for every interest. Tourists enjoy Egypt tours because they live an adventure in the land of the pharaohs with its immortal cities like Cairo, Luxor, Aswan and Alexandria.
Tourist Attractions in Egypt
Each city in Egypt is considered a unique destination that has its importance in the history of the country and its exceptional beauty. There is much to discover in this majestic land so below are the important attractions in Egypt:
1- Attractions of Giza
It is considered the most famous destination in Egypt because it is where the pharaonic history of the country begins.
-The Giza Pyramids Complex: It is the most prominent attraction in Giza. This Complex contains three main Pyramids of the kings “Cheops, Khafren, Menkaure. The Great Pyramid of Cheops is the most important because it is considered the only survivor of the seven wonders of the Ancient World. The Guardian of the Complex is the Great Sphinx (large statue of the human head of King Kefren and the body of a lion as symbols of intelligence and strength of the King).
-The Valley Temple: It is a very preserved temple built by Kefren and it is where the process of mummification of the kings took place.
-The Step Pyramid of Saqara: It is the first pyramid in the country that was built by King Djoser. Its structure is unique because it consists of 6 steps.
-The City of Memphis: It is the first capital in the history of Egypt that was built by Pharaoh Mena when he unified between Upper and Lower Egypt. It is considered as an open museum.
-The Great Egyptian Museum: It is considered a new architectural gem of the twentieth century. It contains more than 150 thousand of the Pharaonic monuments. Its inauguration will be in 2021 which will be delayed by Covid-19.
2- The Attractions of Cairo
It is the capital of Egypt where various civilizations are mixed, such as the Coptic civilization in the Coptic Quarter, the Islamic civilization (it is very prominent in the mosques, which is why Cairo known as “the City of a Thousand Minarets”) and the Pharaonic civilization.
-The Citadel of Saladino: It is a very important fortress in the history of the city. It is known as the Citadel of Cairo. It is famous for its architecture and its mosques. The most famous Mosque within the Citadel is the Muhammad Ali Mosque for its unique design.
-The Egyptian Museum: It is a very important building that houses 120 thousand of the pharaonic monuments such as the jewels that were found in the tomb of Tutankhamun in the Valley of the kings and other treasures of other pharaohs.
-The Hanging Church: It is the most famous church in the Coptic Quarter in Cairo. It was the refuge of the Holy Family during their flight to Egypt.
-The Ben Ezra Synagogue: It is behind the Hanging Church. His style is unique reflecting a mix of Egyptian, Byzantine, Islamic and Christian art.
-The Mosque of Amr Ibn Alas: It is the first mosque in Egypt and all of Africa. It still does not retain its original shape, it is considered the best mosque that reflects the development of Islamic architecture.
-The Mosque of Ibn Tulun: It is preserved from its original structure. It is noted for its spiral staircase minaret.
-The Al-Refai Mosque: It was built as a royal family mausoleum in the shape of the Sultan Hassan Mosque. It is in the Plaza de la Ciudadela de Saladino.
-The Sultan Hassan Mosque: It is the most beautiful mosque in Cairo and the best examples of Mamluk architecture. It is in the Plaza de la Ciudadela de Saladino.
-The Church of St. George: It is in the Coptic Quarter in Cairo. It is the only circular church in Egypt. It was the refuge of the Sacred Family.
-The Al-Azhar Mosque: It is the first Islamic university in Cairo and the second in the world. It is the center of Sunni doctrine.
3- The Attractions of Luxor
Luxor is an important destination in Luxor because it contains most of the temples and monuments of Egypt and the world that is why it is considered as an open museum. The best way to visit Upper Egypt is a Nile Cruise between Luxor and Aswan where you can explore the Egyptian civilization in these large cities while enjoying the best service.
-The Temple of Karnak: It is the largest Temple in the world. It was known as “Pr-Imn” which means the house of Amun.
-The Valley of the Kings: It is where you find the tombs of the kings of the New Kingdom (63 tombs). The tomb of the pharaoh Tutankamon is the most visited tomb in the Valley of the Kings.
-The Valley of the Queens: It is where the tombs of the queens of Ancient Egypt are located. The Tomb of Queen Nefertari is the most beautiful and best preserved tomb in the Valley.
-The Colossi of Memnon: they are two statues that represent King Amenophis III. They are the only remains of the funerary Temple of Amenophis III.
-The Temple of Hachepsut: It was dedicated to Hachepsut and Amun. Its architecture is magnificent and better preserved.
-The Temple of Luxor: It was built by Amenophis III. In this place the feast of Opet was celebrated in which the god Amun was transferred by the sacred ship from the Temple of Karnak to the Temple of Luxor.
4- Aswan Attractions
Aswan is the city of Nubia in Egypt; it has a unique beauty different from the other cities. It is noted for the beauty of its pure Nile. Our best recommendation for a Nile Cruise is Sun Goddess Nile Cruise .
-The High Dam: It is considered a modern attraction that was built to protect the monuments from the flooding of the Nile.
-The Temple of Philae: It was dedicated to the goddess Isis. On its walls there are inscriptions that narrate the legend of Isis and Osiris. It has a mix of Pharaonic, Roman and Christian decorations.
-The Unfinished Obelisk: It is the longest obelisk in Egypt. It was built on the order of Queen Hachepsut. It is important to know how the ancient Egyptians built the obelisks.
-The Temple of Abu Simbel: It is the masterpiece among the attractions of Aswan. It was built by King Ramses II. It is divided into two temples: one dedicated to the King and the other dedicated to his wife.
-The Temple of Kom Ombo: It is noted for its rare construction. Its southern part was dedicated to the god Sobek, the goddess Hator and the god Junso and the northern part dedicated to the god “Hor-Wer”.
-The Temple of Edfu: It is the largest temple in Egypt after the Temple of Karnak. Its construction is a mixture of Egyptian and Greek architecture.
5- The Attractions of Alexandria
The history of Alexandria begins with its construction by Alexander the Great in 332 AD. Alexandria’s attractions reflect Greco-Roman architecture. Below are the attractions of Alexandria and to enjoy these visits:
-The Library of Alexandria: It is the most famous destination in Alexandria. It is considered the cultural center of Egypt. It houses large number of the almost 20 million books.
-The Catacombs: It is a unique monument in Egypt. It consists of three levels where you mix Egyptian art with Greco-Roman art.
-The Citadel of Qaitbay: It is surrounded by the Mediterranean on three sides. It is considered a mixture of the beauty of the Mediterranean and Islamic architecture.
-The Pillar of Pompey: It was built in honor of the Roman Emperor Diocletian for his victory in the battle with General Aquileo.
6 -The Attractions of Sinai
The natural beauty of Sinai makes it an incomparable destination in Egypt. It is famous for its religious, historical, mountains and sea importance.
-The Termas de Moisés: They are the best destination for those who seek tranquility and relaxation. They are hot springs whose sulfuric waters are used in treatment.
-The Canyon of Colors: They are very attractive and is considered the best destination to take fantastic photos between these colors.
-The Monastery of San Pablo: It is considered the center of Coptic Orthodox. The Monastery houses many illustrated manuscripts.
7- The Attractions of the Red Sea
It is a most visited destination in Egypt for those who seek tranquility and relaxation while enjoying the beauty of the Red Sea beaches. The beaches of the Red Sea are highlighted by their crystal-clear waters. The colorful marine life there is fantastic. It is the best destination to do water sports such as diving, snorkeling and enjoying the views of corals and colorful fish. The nightlife at the Red Sea resorts is exceptional with open air parties, music and dancing. The famous Red Sea Cities are Hurghada, Sharm El Sheikh, El Gouna and Marsa Alam.
8- The Oases in Egypt
The Oasis of Egypt is the best destination to enjoy the Safari adventure. It is famous for the Bedouin way of life and natural beauty. It is also very attractive to enjoy the sunrise view of the sun in the mountains and the beauty of the sky at night that is full of stars. There are many Oases in Egypt but the five most prominent are Baharia, Farafra, Dakhla, Jarga and Siwa.