Fire evacuation is the process of evacuating people from a building in case of a fire. Some countries have made it mandatory for organizations to have an evacuation plan for emergencies. In the event of a fire, a proper evacuation plan helps the people to exit a building and gather at a safe place. Evacuation plans are also essential for businesses to ensure compliance with the fire safety regulations in the country in which they are located.
Every evacuation plan needs to comply with the fire safety regulations stated by the government of a state. The regulations also require the evacuation plan to be made considering the size of the organization and industry safety regulations. Developing a compliant evacuation diagram is essential to ensure it is made to maximize safety in the event of a fire. Let us dive deep into the evacuation diagrams for fire safety.
It should be simple.
Fire breakouts are situations where less detail is a lot better. The faster and easier someone can go through the diagram and learn what they need to know, the better. Calm thought goes out the window during a crisis, and the goal here is to save lives, so only the important items need to be displayed.
To make the evacuation diagram clear on a catastrophic occasion, make use of simple colors so that the walls, doors and pathways are clearly visible on the diagram. Highlight the important elements of the table (e.g., exit areas, firefighting sites, etc.). These vital components should be displayed with a simple graphic and content tag.
Display the basic layout
The evacuation diagram should show the basic layout of the building showing the outside boundary as well as the viewer needs to know where to go after evacuating the building. Also, the starting point should be clearly indicated on the diagram with a large red dot marked “YOU ARE HERE” to let the viewers know their position in the diagram.
The exit points are important as these are the points from where the viewers can get out of the building. These exit points should be clearly visible and marked with “EXIT” to let the viewers see all the available exits in the building. Also, the exit points should not be locked so that a user can get out of the building easily. More is the area of your building; more should be the exit points so that the user can use the nearest exit point to evacuate the building.
The Assembly area
The Assembly Point is the area where all the employees are supposed to gather after evacuating the building. The assembly area should be at a safe distance from the building as the fire can dominate the areas in the close vicinity of the building. Also, the safe distance protects people from onsite hazards like chemicals and flammable materials.
Display in the high traffic areas
An evacuation diagram should be displayed in all the high traffic areas of the building where all the people can see it. Display it on a blank wall in the view of the surrounding area. If you have multiple diagrams, your company should have an alternative diagram at every display spot with a “YOU ARE HERE” sign. Draw different plans for every floor of the building for people working on those floors to use the plan made for their floor.
Size of the diagram
Make sure you choose the right side of the diagram that is proportionate to the size of your building. A bigger diagram is always better than a small diagram as it clearly displays the pathways, staircases, empty areas, entryways, exit points, and routes. The clear visibility of these elements makes the viewer understand the diagram quickly, which is the priority in case of a fire breakout.
These were some tips to know whether your evacuation diagram is prepared according to the size of your company or not. As the evacuation diagrams play a vital role in guiding the employees and visitors to find the right way to exit, the right size makes them easy to understand in the first size. People will require less time to understand the diagrams and find the right path to exit the building, thereby saving themselves from fires and disasters.